The United Nations’ agreed Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are set to end in 2015. The MDGs were proposed to bridge the social, economic and health inequalities that exist between countries. Four of these eight goals are health-related in nature: promoting gender equality and empowering women, reducing child mortality, improving maternal health, and combating HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other communicable diseases. Collectively, these reinforce the importance of efficient, affordable and accessible health-systems to improve the lives of impoverished peoples across the globe. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are set to follow the MDGs in their effort to continue improving the livelihoods of our world’s most disadvantaged peoples. The SDGs are presently being negotiated and will be released in late 2015. A major focus of this proposed symposium will be to learn from the successes and failures of the MDGs so that the next generation of students can be properly prepared to implement the proposed SDGs.