Opening Keynote Presentation: Update from the UN Negotiations: Transitioning from the MDG’s to the Post-2015 Development Agenda
Rachel C. Snow, Sc.D.
Associate Professor of Health Behavior and Health Education, School of Public Health, University of Michigan
Abstract coming soon!
MDG 4 Presentation: Evaluating MDG4 Goals through the lenses of Combating Malaria: Implications for sickle cell disease in Africa
Andrew D. Campbell, M.D.
Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases, University of Michigan
The success of Millennium Goal Number (MDG) 4, Reducing Childhood Mortality by 2/3 by 2015, is very dependent on the success of MDG 6 (Combating HIV, Malaria, other diseases), MDG 5 (Improve Maternal Health), and of MDG 1(Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger). Notably, Malaria adversely effects children under age 5 disproportionately and is a leading cause of childhood death in the world. In sub-Saharan Africa, Malaria is responsible for 15% of the under 5 deaths. Since 2000, there have been a 47% drop in Malaria mortality, which has largely been due to aggressive treatment and preventative (Treated Bed nets) measures. However, over 580,000 children still die from Malaria each year, 90% of which occurs in the WHO African Region. Sickle Cell Disease (SCD), a red blood cell disorder which in the carrier state protects patients from Malaria, is also a major contributor to the under 5 childhood mortality in sub-Saharan Africa each year. Affecting 2% of population of West Africa, SCD is the most common genetic disease in the WHO African Region. In our studies in Accra Ghana, and recent published reports, Malaria is the major contributor to SCD morbidity and mortality, despite its protective effects. I will review the MDG #4 goals utilizing Malaria as the lenses, focusing on the current successes and future challenges, including the implications for improving SCD morbidity and mortality in West African children.
MDG 5 Presentation: Maternal Child Health Capacity Building and Academic Engagement – the Michigan Model
Timothy R.B. Johnson, M.D.
Chair, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Michigan
In 1989 with support from the Carnegie Corporation, and in response to the international Safe Motherhood Initiative to decrease the global burden of maternal mortality, the Ghana Postgraduate Obstetrics and Gynaecology Training Program was launched. By 2014, over 140 specialists had been trained with greater than 99% in country retention. IN Ghana, and worldwide a marked reduction in maternal mortality has occurred. Lessons learned for human resource capacity building are:
- In country training
- Economic and political stability and hopeful future
- National and social-family responsibility
With experience in the health sciences and beyond now in South Africa, China, Ecuador, Brazil, India and Ethiopia an academic model of global partnerships for health has evolved. Michigan can be an academic institutional leader in these partnerships in the post-MDG world.
What students should expect:
- Established programs
- Supervision and safety
- Solid Curriculum
- Evaluation and feedback
- Academic credit
What students should demand:
- Ethical (bilateral) behavior
- Charter principles
Global academic partnership offer an opportunity for learners are all levels and all sites to truly engage and participate in continuous program development and improvement, and offer universities a way to reinvent how they relate to their students and their global partners.
MDG 6 Presentation: Combating Global HIV: Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Change
Gary Harper, Ph.D., M.P.H.
Professor of Health Behavior and Health Education, School of Public Health, University of Michigan
This presentation will focus on Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases. The first part of this session will offer a brief overview of the status of MGD 6, with a primary focus on the global HIV/AIDS pandemic and the role of the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) in addressing global HIV/AIDS. Case studies of both primary and secondary HIV prevention efforts in Kenya, Botswana, and Israel will be offered. The benefits and challenges of conducting global health work will be examined, and participants will be challenged to explore their motivations for pursuing careers in the global health arena. The critical importance of utilizing a cultural humility framework in global health research and practice will be also be discussed. The session will end with an exploration of potential avenues for creating sustainable change in global HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases.
Closing Keynote Presentation: A new era of global health: lessons from the MDGs
Margaret E. Kruk, M.D., M.P.H.
Associate Professor of Global Health, Harvard School of Public Health
Although not all countries will achieve the health Millennium Development Goals, the MDGs have nonetheless been a watershed in global health. The goals succeeded on several grounds: they clarified priorities, they insisted on counting lives and deaths, and they stoked national and global investment in health. Yet today on the eve of the MDG deadline countries face another set of challenges. Chronic conditions and injuries are now responsible for more deaths in many low and middle income countries than MDG conditions. High health spending is pushing families into poverty. And inequities are rife: millions of people are still living lives on the margin without the basic conditions for good health.
What can we learn from the successes and failures of the MDGs? I will discuss how lessons of the MDGs can inform progress on current health challenges, including conditions such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, and chronic respiratory disease that were responsible for 36 million of the 57 million deaths in the world in 2008. And how the aspiration for better health that the MDGs fostered now needs to be managed to ensure that countries can afford the public health and health care that families need. I will conclude by reflecting on potential of the Sustainable Development Goals, the successors to the MDGs, to tackle this charge.